Today, all models of the Land Cruiser brand can be divided into series: 20, 40, 60, 70, 80 and 100. The history of the 40 series begins in 1960, when an evolutionary step was taken in the production of automobiles Production technologies have been modernized and automotive processes, such as the assembly of panels, have been modified. A series of reduction was added to the transmission, which significantly improved the performance of the vehicle under heavy loads and in off-road conditions. The shift control lever of the transfer case moved closer to the instrument panel, and the gearshift lever was placed on the steering column, which freed space on the floor. As a result, in the front seat could accommodate three passengers. While the power of the engine of type B in the cars of the series 20 was 105 hp, the engine of the car of the series 40 already had a power of 125 hp, which subsequently increased to 130 hp.
Photo Toyota Land Cruiser
In the rear glazing, windows were added at the corners, which increased rear visibility and became the hallmark of the Land Cruiser Series 40 cars. In 1974, cars with a type B diesel engine appeared for the first time, and the engine capacity increased from 2.8 liters to three liters. They were classified in the compact car category, which significantly reduced the cost of maintenance and taxes for car owners. Consequently, the increase in the number of people who could afford to maintain an SUV. Cars series of 40 Ow sold about 24 years, until they were replaced by the new models of the 70 series. The appearance did not change much, but the filling was constantly improved. The SUVs of the 40 series have not been produced for a long time, so it is very likely that you will not find them in good condition for sale, but “drive” the car on the fly, easily. In 1976, under the leadership of Chief Engineer Hiroshi Osawa, the development of the Toyot 60 series began, to be launched in car cover near me.
Photo Toyota Land Cruiser
This series of configurations is very similar to the 40, the same fully dependent spring suspension, and in the first versions there were even identical engines and gearboxes. But the changes were still there, so in 1982 appeared a HJ60 car with a six-cylinder diesel engine type 2H of 3980 cm3. A volumetric engine, a high-roof body, a five-speed manual gearbox or a four-stage automatic transmission, an electric sunroof and remote-controlled mirrors made the car powerful and, at the same time, comfortable. In 1987, small changes were made to the appearance of the Series 60: two round headlights were changed to 4 squares, wider tires were installed, as well as a colorful body design. The 60 series is a vivid example of how a Land Cruiser became a comfortable passenger vehicle for a semi-military vehicle. This model became the prototype for the further development of the models of the 80 and 100 series. In November 1984, a new 70 series appeared, which completed an entire era, which, from the 20 series models, it lasted 29 years, and during which the series 40 did not change in principle.
Photo Toyota Land Cruiser
Toyota began developing new Land Cruisers, which included the legendary strength and endurance of previous brands, along with the new technologies of modern models. Therefore, the solution was to use a well-proven design with a stair-type frame and suspension on semi-elliptical springs. Also the thickness of the body panels was increased by 1 mm. In the production range, there were 2 car modifications: a short base (BJ70) with a completely metallic body and a canvas upper part, and a medium base (BJ73) with a removable plastic upper part. In January 1990, for the 70 series models, two new engines appeared: the 1PZ gasoline, which replaced the type 3B engine (five-cylinder OHC, 3469 cm3, 115hp, 23.5 kgm), and the 1NZ diesel engine, which replaced 13B-T (OHC six cylinders, 4163 cm3, 135 HP, 28.5 kgm). In cars of series 40 and 50, the method of riveting was used as the main method to join the main elements of the base frame, while the parts of the frame LandCruiser 70 were connected by laser, which made the car was more durable Thanks to the efforts of Toyota specialists, the Land Cruiser models were constantly updated.
Photo Toyota Land Cruiser
The changes related to engines, suspension, interior equipment. However, in the early Land Cruiser models, driving performance and reliability have never been sacrificed for the refinement and comfort of the design. But the reality is that for the past 15 years, the Land Cruiser’s main buyer has been an inhabitant of the city, and is exploiting his car more often on the ideal roads than on the all-terrain tracks. Due to these circumstances, comfort is now in the foreground for designers and engineers, because along with high traffic, the buyer wants to get control of the weather, leather upholstery and other wonders of technical progress. Therefore, as early as October 1989, a new generation of the Toyotas Land Cruiser 80 debuted in the market. This series differed from its predecessors by a somewhat rounder contour, greater rigidity of the frame and the body and, of course, “filling”. The buyer can choose one of the three modifications, from the simplest “STD” to the prestigious “VX”. In this model, there is a minimum of electronic components, there is no dirt that fears ABS. As an additional option, it was proposed to install a mechanical winch with a maximum force of 4 tons, indispensable when driving off the road. The 80th series cars are three types of engines: a 1HZ diesel engine, a 1HD-T turbocharged diesel engine with direct fuel injection and a 3F-E petrol engine. All the cars in the 80th series had a spring suspension. Almost all the cars were equipped with permanent traction on all four wheels, although there was a modification with the front traction off. In August 1996, ABS (anti-lock braking system) and airbags for the driver and front passenger were included in the standard equipment for all models.
The Land Cruiser 100 has become larger than its predecessor: 9 centimeters longer, a little wider, the Caliber increased. The living room has become significantly larger and more comfortable. The increase in size required and the strengthening of the hull, compared to the “Land Cruiser 80”, strengthened on average by 50% The exterior design is done in a representative style: a huge hood, large headlamps with multi-reflector two-stage optical elements, a solid bumper that protrudes from the sides, powerful arches of the wheels that protrude outwards, a vast area of glass and wide doors. The upholstery of the ceiling is made of non-woven fabrics. Safety features include power steering, ABS, power brakes, airbags for the driver and front passenger, head restraints, as well as three-point seat belts with pretensioners. Standard equipment: central locking, electric mirrors and windows, climate control, cruise control, two auxiliary power outlets, cupholders and numerous compartments to store various items, built-in center console, immobilizer, heat-absorbing glass with tinted steel wheels. Additional equipment: air conditioning, central locking with remote control, CD changer, alloy wheels, etc. And although the Land Cruiser 100 team is as close as possible to the cars, there are still many drivers who use it as an SUV. For them, Toyota specialists have developed a new model of the Land Cruiser 105 series.
Photo Toyota Land Cruiser
In 2001, Toyota celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Land Cruiser. According to the company’s marketing specialists, over the years, almost 4 million Toyota Land Cruisers have been sold on the world market.. The circulation of the Land Cruiser (50th anniversary) was very limited; For example, only 400 of these cars arrived in Russia. In 2007, the Land Cruiser 200 saw the light. Combining the unprecedented reliability, functionality and comfort of a premium car, the new generation of the legendary SUV continues the glorious traditions of its predecessors. The car retained the recognizable characteristics of the family design, but compared to its predecessor, the overall dimensions of the 200 ki have increased significantly, the length has increased by 60 millimeters, the width (by 30 millimeters) and the height (by 15 mm). Every detail of the interior is designed to provide the highest level of comfort that meets the highest expectations of Toyota customers. There is a complete set for the Russian market: “Lux”. Its features include unique 17-inch alloy wheels, automatic headlamp ignition commanded by the light sensor, an intelligent landing system in the car and engine start, leather-covered steering wheel with remote control buttons. An important detail of the interior is the high quality leather.
The first two rows of seats are equipped with heating, and the front seats are equipped with electrical adjustment and a memory system for the driver’s seat. The Land Cruiser 200 is equipped with the best in class of four-zone air conditioning with dust-proof filters. The navigation system screen can display an image of the parking assistance camera. There is also a Bluetooth ™ communication system with hands-free headsets. The technical content of the car is totally consistent with the brutal appearance. The Land Cruiser 200, as befits an actual SUV, has a body frame structure and a dependent rear suspension. However, compared to the previous model, the rigidity of the body increased significantly. The front suspension is now offered only independently, and in the springs (and not the torsion, as before). Land Cruiser received a new drag control system that distributes torque and braking force between the wheels while driving on loose sand, heavy mud or deep snow. The Crawl Control system automatically adjusts the power of the engine and the brakes, maintaining the established speed.
This system, according to representatives of the Japanese company, should greatly facilitate the work of the driver in difficult road conditions and allow him to concentrate on the direction. In addition, the novelty received the multi-terrain ABS system, which independently determines in which vehicle the vehicle is moving and, accordingly, establishes the desired mode of operation of the anti-lock braking system. For the new items include two new engines, the main one of which will be 288 strong-eight-cylinder gasoline engine of 4.7 liters that is added with a five-speed automatic transmission. The engine has been completely redesigned according to modern requirements. An electronic variable valve distribution system (VVT-i) has been added. The acceleration from 0 to 100 km / h takes 9.2 seconds, the maximum speed is 200 km / h. V8 gasoline engine complies with Euro 4. The second engine is a 4.5-liter turbodiesel capacity of 235 horsepower, which works together with a six-speed automatic. With this unit, the SUV will accelerate from zero to one hundred kilometers per hour in 8.6 seconds, and its maximum speed will be 210 kilometers per hour. There is also a superior version with a 5.7-liter engine for the US market. Both gearboxes are soft and fuel efficient. In addition to the sequential changeover mode, which use AI-SHIFT technology, select the gear change algorithm that best suits your driving style and road conditions. Both gearboxes are soft and fuel efficient.Read more →